Was Ilúvatar sufficiently involved in Arda? Well let us look at something. As Maedhros has already pointed out Ilúvatar delegated the ruling of Arda to the Valar. This shows that he was not as involved as he could have been but this is not what the debate is about. The question is " Was Ilúvatar sufficiently involved in Arda, or was there more that could have been done on his part?" Or to put it another way "Was he as involved as he Should have been?" I am not going to look at the far past when Arda was being first formed. Nor even at the grave errors that Ilúvatar allowed the Valar to make in their dealings with Melkor and their miss-guided efforts of attempting to drag the Elves from Middle-earth before their time. For now I am going to look at Men. Did Ilúvatar delegate the care of Men to the Valar? Not at all. If we look at the "Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth" we find that the Valar did not send any word to Men or have anything to do with them before they entered Beleriand and became involved in the wars of that land between Morgoth and The Elves. From Morgoth's Ring: The Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth. This is followed by a comment which seems to be all too true. So then. The Valar had nothing to do with Men in the beginning. So who else could? Well even the wise Finrod thinks this to be the One, that is Ilúvatar. Let us now look at "The 'Tale of Adanel'" which gives some insight as to the first years of Men in Arda. This "Voice" can only be Ilúvatar talking to his second born children who were not in the care of the Valar but under his direct surveillance. So he was involved in Arda directly at this time but was his involvement sufficient? I think not. In a later paragraph we have This is where Melkor or one of his servants come to seduce Men away from Eru. And further on A claim to be greater than Ilúvatar! Next Much was done by this power to show how great it was. Then demands were made. And what was Eru's Actions about this? He had allowed Melkor to terrorise his children and did nothing to help them. He simply cursed them for believing what they had been shown. Had Ilúvatar been sufficiently involved there is no doubt that he could have prepared Men better to deal with the lies of Melkor. All they had was a Voice that said little and a power that seemed to be able to do anything. Ilúvatar it would seem did not even give Men the opportunity to learn of their mistake and repent. No he just watched them take the wrong path and then turned his back on them and cursed them. This cannot be put down to the Valar making mistakes in trying to follow Ilúvatar's will. It was Ilúvatar not doing enough for the Children he had kept to himself away from the care of the Valar.