When did the Edain cease to be a race? When there was not even one Dunadan left in the world? What is a Dunadan? Is one of the Rohirrim with Numenorean blood one? How much of the defintion is cultural? Seems that it isn't cultrual at all... it's all about bloodline... so one of Rohirrim could be a Dunadan, but how much blood would they need? I guess it is hard to say. I guess all we can say for sure is that the great majority of Edain went down with Numenor, and the few who survived dwindled in wars and mingled. From the appendix on Languages. "far fewer in number" from the beginning. I'd say that is no more than 20 percent of the population of their realms. Then considering Arnor was wiped out and only a few of the Northern Dunedain remained, we can just go ahead and look at Gondor. Say they were 20 percent at the beginning. Now, also considering that the multiplied more slowly than the lesser men, it would only take several generations to go from being 20 down to being less than 5 percent. And that is me generous I think. Then also consider that a lot of mingling went on, especially after Eldacar (or whoever the King was that Castamir drove out), this means the percentage would be less than 5. I'm sure if someone had the time, you could get a better estimation of what the percentage, and even number of the Dunedain of Gondor was at the end of the Third Age... but what we do know is that it was a very small one. But surely your statemen that the Dunedain were "well all of Gondor" is dead wrong... and by far. But I do not see the Edain prospering. They survived dwindling and mingling into extiction through the Third Age, and must have disapeared soon after. Is there a reason to think this is not true? A reason to think the Edain made some sort of come-back? The Edain would have greatly out-numbered the lesser men (their long lost kin) had they remained in Middle-earth, and as the lesser men who were willing mingled into the Edain (not the other way around) they would have become Edain, Elf-friends. Just like the Two houses of Edain who entered into Beleriand years after the First house. But because there would have been so many Edain, the race would likely not have become extinct. Not only that, but they'd have been better of than having most of them turn to evil and Fall to ruin.